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Calabria, Italy and its Genealogy, History, Culture and Language

Timeline of the History of Calabria

A timeline of Calabria's history from 9000 B.C. to 1860.

The following is taken from the book Cerenzia, by Giuseppe Aragona.

Year Event
9,000 - 4,000 BC
  • The Fossil Age
  • Inhabited
  • The Mythical Flood...Aschenaz, grandson of Noah, founded city of Reggio (Asteniti)
2,000 BC
  • Enotrians (Arcadians) Colonize Calabria
  • Italo, a King of the Enotrians, gives name Italia to the region. (Italia, first Calabria then the whole peninsula).
  • Pre-Hellenic tribes (Laconians)
720 BC
  • First Greek Settlements
2nd Century BC
  • Under Roman sphere
4th Century AD
  • Christian Era
  • Fall of Rome
4th to 11th Century
  • Byzantine Era in Calabria
  • Norman Conquest of Calabria
  • Swabian Conquest
  • Anjou Era
  • Aragon Conquest
  • Spanish Conquest
  • Spanish Era
  • Austrian domination
  • Bourbon Era with an interruption from 1806-1816 by French Rule.
  • The Unification of Italy. The plebiscite for the unification of Italy was on October 21, 1860.
  • Periodic incursions of Islam of limited duration.
  • From 1100-1800 constant Pirate incursions on the coast.